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Migraines and Headaches

Comprehensive Approach to get Migraine Relief

Most people will experience a headache or a migraine at some point during their lifetime. Headaches, or pain in the head and facial areas, can be categorized as migraines, cluster headaches, and tension headaches. The pain from having a headache can be described as dull, constant, throbbing, or sharp.

More than 150 types of headaches exist and are categorized as primary or secondary. Primary headaches have no underlying medical condition and examples include tension headaches and migraines. Conversely, secondary headaches are a symptom of some other root cause like a head injury, caffeine withdrawal or medication overuse. Most headache pain subsides within a few hours; however, sometimes it can last for days.

Migraines are a type of headache that can cause throbbing pain that varies in intensity. A migraine can last anywhere from a few hours to a few days. The most common symptoms of a migraine are nausea and sensitivity to light. This type of pain can lead to foggy thinking, dizziness, and can be completely debilitating.

Common Causes of Migraines

From a cellular perspective, a migraine is caused by a blockage of blood flow to the brain.  Some theories of why this occurs include:

  • Changes in brain chemical serotonin
  • Vascular constriction in your brain
  • Excessive blood flow to the brain
  • A neurological disorder
  • Nervous System tension
  • Disruption in neuronal energies
  • Genetic mutations

By knowing our triggers, we can decrease the occurrence of migraines. Some common causes of migraines and headaches include:

Caffeine Withdrawal – If you normally consume several cups of coffee, tea, or caffeinated sodas and abruptly stop, a migraine can ensue. This is because caffeine causes blood vessels to constrict but with the withdrawal of caffeine, blood vessels widen and bulge with each heartbeat. This blood vessel dilation promotes the pounding pain of a migraine headache. It is advisable to reduce caffeine consumption slowly each day. Caffeine is also found in items like chocolate, kola nuts, and yerba mate.

Migraines and Headaches
migraine food triggers

Diet

Did you know that what or how often you eat can increase your risk of getting a headache? Hunger caused by skipping a meal or rigorous dieting can result in a headache. Consuming sugary foods causes headache tension and stress when your blood sugar levels rise and then drop suddenly. Here are some of the numerous foods that can trigger a migraine:

  • Alcohol – including Scotch, whiskey, champagne, red wine, and beer
  • Cheese – Aged cheese like blue cheese, cheddar, feta, parmesan, and Swiss cheese
  • Nuts – Peanuts, almonds, seeds, and peanut butter
  • Fermented foods – pickles, sauerkraut, sourdough bread, and yogurt

In addition, foods that contain nitrates, monosodium glutamate, and yellow food dye can trigger a migraine. Keeping a headache/food journal can help you determine which foods are triggering your migraines.

Environmental Issues

For some individuals, environment triggers can increase the risk of headaches and prevent migraine sufferers from enjoying the outdoors. Some common environmental triggers include:

  • Barometric pressure changes and the weather
  • Intense odors
  • Flickering or bright lights
  • Smoke
  • Extreme cold or hot temperatures
  • Sudden changes in the temperature
  • High winds
  • Changes in altitude

Hormone Fluctuations

Hormonal changes, especially estrogen fluctuations, can cause migraines. Researchers believe that this may be why women experience more migraines than men. Younger women often experience migraines when their hormone levels change during their menstrual cycle. Furthermore, some women navigating perimenopause, begin experiencing migraines, even if they have never had them before. Fortunately, once through menopause, women generally notice a lessening or ending to their hormonally induced headaches.

Stress

Stress affects approximately 44 percent of men and women across America. Stress affects every aspect of your health. Muscles in the neck and shoulders become tight leading to a tension headache. Stress will easily trigger a migraine as well. It is advisable to counteract the effects of stress by practicing stress relief techniques like meditation, yoga, prayer, journaling, deep breathing exercises and guided imagery. Stress techniques like progressive muscle relaxation soothes tense muscles and reduces a tension headache.

Headaches doctor

Lack of Sleep

A body optimally needs between seven and nine hours of sleep each night otherwise all sorts of symptoms including migraine and tension headaches increase. Practice good sleep hygiene, such as going to bed at the same time each night, turning electronic device off two hours before bedtime, and using room darkening curtains or blinds to help you get to sleep and stay asleep.

Get Relief from Migraines

It is important to take a comprehensive approach to get relief from migraines. This includes testing and evaluating for any vitamin and mineral deficiencies and assessing other triggers. Creating a multi-step approach will allow one to become aware of their cellular causes and triggers to decrease the severity and occurrence of migraines.

Some common tips that can help with migraines.

  • Hydration – aim to drink half your body weight in ounces
  • Limit certain foods like wheat, dairy, added sugar, processed meats, aspartame, and MSG
  • Aim to get at least 7 to 8 hours of sleep
  • Try alternative approaches like acupuncture, massage, chiropractic care, or nutrition
  • Try some aroma therapy by using peppermint, sandalwood oil, lavender, or eucalyptus. This can be especially helpful if a trigger is allergy/sinus related.

How Can We Help?

According to the Mayo Clinic, there is no cure for migraines. However, the more important question is why you are getting the migraines in the first place. A functional medicine approach examines a multitude of reasons why one is experiencing a migraine. Vitamins are crucial for all energetic pathways in the body because they create catalysts in productivity. Vitamin deficiency can lead to blockages thus resulting in migraine headaches.

If you currently suffer from headaches and migraines, contact our migraine doctors. Our team of integrative professionals will do a holistic evaluation including your diet, stress levels, lifestyle habits and any hormone imbalances and may even initiate food intolerance testing to determine the root cause of your headaches or migraines. A personalized treatment plan will be created to help you get relief from migraines and headaches.

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